Armenia: The Cradle of Civilization

Armenia: The Cradle of Civilization

The current Republic of Armenia makes up only a fraction of the historical lands used to hold. Armenians are native to the land of the Armenian Highlands, which covers more than 400,000 square km.

Ancient Armenia

Armenia is a country with old history and rich culture. It is one of the oldest countries in the world. Numerous Scientific research, multiple archaeological findings and old manuscripts prove that the Armenian Highlands are the very Cradle of Civilization.

Some of the world’s oldest things were found in the country Armenia. The world’s oldest leather shoe (5,500 years old), sky observatory (7,500 years old), depictions of agriculture (7,500 years old) and wine-making facility (6,100 years old) all were found in the region of Armenia.

Historical Armenia

As mentioned above, the current Republic of Armenia makes up only a tiny portion of the historical lands used to hold. Armenian people are native to the land of the Armenian Highlands, which is more than 400,000 square km.

Since the prehistoric era, the region of Armenia has been populated by multiple tribes. The first proof of human settlement in Armenia dates back to 90,000 BC. Further findings in caves and stone inscriptions are proof of human settlement in Armenia through the Paleolithic period.

Throughout the 4th-1st centuries B.C. Armenia was the only country in the East that independently adopted some aspects of Hellenistic civilization without the Greek-Macedonian intervening. Hellenistic theatre, arts and culture were popularly accessed by the Armenian superiors. It was also full of multinational and self-governing towns around that time.

The Armenian Highlands

According to ancient written scriptures of Sumerians and Akkadians, Man was created in the Armenian Highlands; the land in that era was referred to as Eden, Kur or Abzu. Abzu was described to be located near the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, which at that time were part of the Armenian Highlands.

The bible also supports this theory of the origin of mankind. It’s assumed that the Garden of Eden was located in the Armenian Highlands, also known as the Armenian Plateau. The highlands shared their secrets with the rest of the world, introducing their findings to European and Asian civilizations. Iron age metallurgy, as well as apricots, have their origin in the Armenian Plateau and were later on introduced to others. It’s only later, after the Armenian Genocide, that the Armenian Highlands were renamed Eastern Anatolia to erase Armenian culture, history and achievements.

​The Holy Land

Many different cultures and nations have referred to the Armenian Highlands as the Holy Land, including ancient Egyptians and Sumerians. Thutmose III of Egypt, when talking about the Armenian Highlands, said that heaven itself rests upon its 4 pillars in Armenia. Armenian people were respected for their wisdom and knowledge, almost in godlike nature.

Armenia is also called the Land of Noah based on biblical scripts. It’s commonly accepted that Armenians are the direct descendants of his son Japheth. As Noah’s ark came to rest on the Ararat mountain, which was still a part of Armenia at that time, his sons and grandsons emigrated to those lands.


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